Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Comparisons of demographic data and outcomes of enrolled patients with traumatic cardiac arrest between epinephrine group and non-epinephrine group

From: Prehospital intravenous epinephrine may boost survival of patients with traumatic cardiac arrest: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics All TCA Epinephrine group Non-epinephrine group p-value
Number of cases 514 43 471  
Patient characteristics: (n (%); age: median (Q1–Q3))
Gender-male 348 (67.7 %) 27 (62.8 %) 321 (68.2 %) 0.50
Age, median (Q1–Q3) 48.0 (30.0–64.0) 46.0 (35.0–75.0) 48.0 (30.0–63.0) 0.36
Witnessed 194 (37.7 %) 8 (18.6 %) 186 (39.5 %) <0.01
Bystander CPR 110 (21.4 %) 13 (30.2 %) 97 (20.6 %) 0.17
Shockable rhythm 24 (4.7 %) 5 (11.6 %) 19 (4.0 %) 0.04
Blunt injury 388 (75.5 %) 11 (25.6 %) 377 (80.0 %) <0.01
EMS variable: (time: median (Q1–Q3); n (%))
Response time 5.0 (4.0–6.0) 5.0 (4.0–7.0) 5.0 (4.0–6.0) 0.07
Scene time 11.0 (8.0–14.0) 14.0 (12.0–17.0) 11.0 (8.0–14.0) <0.01
Transport time 3.0 (2.0–5.0) 3.0 (2.0–5.0) 3.0 (2.0–5.0) 0.23
Total prehospital time 20.0 (16.0–25.0) 23.0 (20.0–29.0) 20.0 (16.0–25.0) <0.01
Advance airway 124 (24.1 %) 32 (74.4 %) 92 (19.5 %) <0.01
Destination at trauma center 349 (67.9 %) 26 (60.5 %) 323 (68.6 %) 0.31
Patient outcomes: n (%)
Prehospital ROSC 40 (7.8 %) 5 (11.6 %) 35 (7.4 %) 0.37
Sustained ROSC 101 (19.6 %) 18 (41.9 %) 83 (17.6 %) <0.01
Survival to discharge 20 (3.9 %) 6 (14.0 %) 14 (3.0 %) <0.01
CPC–1 & CPC–2 12 (2.3 %) 2 (4.7 %) 11 (2.3 %) 0.30
  1. TCA traumatic cardiac arrest, EMS emergency medical service, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation, CPC cerebral performance category