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Table 1 Post hoc comparisons using least significant difference

From: Unpacking the key components of a programme to improve the timeliness of hip-fracture care: a mixed-methods case study

  Baseline (1) (n = 607) Financial incentive (2) (n = 277) Process improvement team constituted (3) (n = 81) Centralized responsibility (4) (n = 116) Checklist (5) (n = 151) Ambulance fast track (6) (n = 266) Moved day- surgeries (7) (n = 395) 4 extra beds (8) (n = 49) All ambulance fast track (9) (n = 244) Specialist in internal medicine (10) (n = 514) Flow coordinator (11) (n = 364)
Baseline (1) 0 0.7 (−1.4; 2.8) 0.9 (−2.5; 4.3) 6.1* (3.2; 9.0) 4.1* (1.5; 6.8) 6.6* (4.5; 8.8) 5.7* (3.9; 7.6) 6.8* (2.5; 11.1) 8.0* (5.8; 10.2) 4.8* (3.1; 6.5) 8.5* (6.6; 10.4)
Financial incentive (2)   0 0.2 (−3.5; 3.8) 5.4* (2.2; 8.6) 3.4* (0.5; 6.3) 5.9* (3.4; 8.4) 5.0* (2.7; 7.3) 6.1* (1.6; 10.6) 7.3* (4.7; 9.8) 4.1* (1.9; 6.2) 7.8* (5.5; 10.1)
Process improvement team constituted (3)    0 5.2* (1.0; 9.4) 3.20 (−0.8; 7.2) 5.7* (2.0; 9.4) 4.8* (1.3; 8.3) 5.9* (0.7; 11.1) 7.1* (3.4; 10.8) 3.9* (0.4; 7.3) 7.6* (4.0; 11.1)
Centralized responsibility (4)     0 −2.0 (−5.5; 1.6) 0.5 (−2.7; 3.7) −0.4 (−3.4; 2.7) 0.7 (−4.2; 5.6) 1.9 (−1.4; 5.1) −1.3 (−4.3; 1.7) 2.4 (−0.7; 5.5)
Checklist (5)      0 2.5 (−0.4; 5.4) 1.6 (−1.2; 4.4) 2.7 (−2.1; 7.4) 3.9* (0.9; 6.8) 0.6 (−2.0; 3.3) 4.4* (1.6; 7.1)
Ambulance fast track (6)       0 −0.9 (−3.2; 1.4) 0.2 (−4.3; 4.7) 1.4 (−1.2, 3.9) −1.8 (−4.0; 0.3) 1.9 (−0.5; 4.2)
Moved day-surgeries (7)        0 1.1 (−3.3; 5.5) 2.3 (−0.1; 4.6) −1.0 (−2.9; 1.0) 2.8* (0.7; 4.9)
4 extra beds (8)         0 1.2 (−3.4; 5.7) −2.0 (−6.4; 2.3) 1.7 (−2.7; 6.1)
All ambulance (9)          0 −3.2* (−5.5; −1.0) 0.5 (−1.9; 2.9)
Specialist in internal medicine (10)           0 3.7* (1.7; 5.7)
Flow coordinator (11)            0*
  1. Detailed legend: Mean differences (and 95 % confidence intervals) shown. *indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)