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Table 3 Breathing patterns of unresponsive cases with the modified protocol

From: Implementation of a dispatch-instruction protocol for cardiopulmonary resuscitation according to various abnormal breathing patterns: a population-based study

  Laypersons wittnessed Cardiac arrest (N = 71) Not in Cardiac arrest (N = 143) p value
n (%) n (%)
Not breathing 40 (56.3) 17 (11.7) P < 0.001
Weak breathing 5 (7.0) 11 (7.6)
Not sure whether the person is breathing or not 17 (23.9) 26 (17.9)
Breathing difficulties   7 (4.8)
Snoring weakly 1 (1.4) 4 (2.8)
Not breathing normally 3 (4.2) 13 (9.0)
Breathing normally 4 (5.6) 54 (37.2)
Snoring normally 1 (1.4) 11 (7.6)