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Table 4 Thoracolumbar angulation during logroll

From: Does turning trauma patients with an unstable spinal injury from the supine to a lateral position increase the risk of neurological deterioration? – A systematic review

Outcome Study Mean Median Range of means
Flexion/extension 3 studies   10.6 7.8 - 18.3  
(degrees) Rubery 2013 [31] 8.6    
  Prasarn 2012 [32] 12.6    
   18.3    
  Del Rossi 2008b [34] 7.8    
Lateral bending 3 studies   8.6 6.9 - 10.5  
(degrees) Rubery 2013 [31] 6.9    
  Prasarn 2012 [32] 10.1    
   10.5    
  Del Rossi 2008b [34] 7.0    
Axial rotation 3 studies   15.8 10.2 - 25.2  
(degrees) Rubery 2013 [31] 13.7    
  Prasarn 2012 [32] 25.2    
   17.7    
  Del Rossi 2008b [34] 10.2    
  1. Shows data from cadaver studies with artificially created unstable thoraco-lumbar spine injuries. The standard deviation is shown for the studies in which it was reported. We report the medians of the means reported in the different studies and the range of these means. Prasarn (2012) reports data of logrolls onto and off a backboard