Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Multivariable adjusted analysis of factors influencing the outcome of patientsa

From: Factors that may improve outcomes of early traumatic brain injury care: prospective multicenter study in Austria

Predictor ICU Outcome (Alive = 1) Hospital Outcome (Alive = 1) Long Term Outcome (favorable = 1)
OR (CI 95 %) p-value OR (CI 95 %) p-value OR (CI 95 %) P-value
Study Phase       
Phase 1 reference - reference - reference -
Phase 2 2.92 (1.35–6.31) <0.01 3.01 (1.41–6.38) <0.01 3.14 (1.72–5.73) <0.001
Age 0.93 (0.92–0.96) <0.001 0.94 (0.92–0.96) <0.001 0.95 (0.94–0.97) <0.001
ISS 0.93 (0.91–0.96) <0.001 0.94 (0.92–0.96) <0.001 0.96 (0.94–0.98) <0.001
GCS 1.24 (1.12–1.38) <0.001 1.29 (1.16–1.43) <0.001 1.2 (1.11–1.29) <0.001
Pupils       
None reactive Reference - Reference - Reference -
One reactive 9.89 (2.12–45.9) <0.01 7.57 (1.75–32.6) <0.01 4.03 (1.09–14.85) <0.01
Both reactive 6.66 (2.58–17.1) <0.001 6.09 (2.42–15.32) <0.001 4.95 (1.97–12.45) <0.001
Midline shift       
>5 mm Reference - Reference - reference -
<5 mm 0.55 (0.17–1.74) 0.309 0.58 (0.18–1.81) 0.348 2.07 (0.71–6) 0.18
No shift 1.92 (0.79–4.66) 0.149 1.56 (0.66–3.71) 0.314 5 (2.26–11) <0.001
Ringers lactate administered 1.56 (0.62–3.97) 0.348 2.01 (0.83–4.89) 0.124 1.44(0.69–3.01) 0.319
Ringers solution administered 1.25 (0.49–3.12) 0.635 1.51 (0.63–3.6) 0.358 0.93 (0.45–1.91) 0.843
Colloids administered 0.58 (0.13–2.41) 0.447 0.6 (0.15–2.42) 0.472 0.9 (0.26–3.14) 0.869
EMS arrival to admission time <60 min 1.49 (0.61–3.71) 0.384 2.29 (0.95–5.49) 0.063 0.87 (0.42–1.8) 0.715
Admission to first CT time <60 min 1.39 (0.59–3.3) 0.441 1.14 (0.49–2.65) 0.761 1.54 (0.79–3.04) 0.203
  1. Legend: ISS Injury Severity Score, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, EMS Emergency Medical Service, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, ICU Intensive Care Unit
  2. aThe models used also center as a predictor, thus the presented results took the ‘center effect’ into account (actual OR and p-values are not listed in the table due to large space required)