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Table 4 Treatment, all patients with penetrating cardiac injury (n = 31)

From: Survival predictor for penetrating cardiac injury; a 10-year consecutive cohort from a scandinavian trauma center

Prehospitally  
Chest drain 2
Endotracheal intubation 5
At ED  
Chest drain 11
Blood transfusions 20* (1–10)
ED thoracotomy 21
Median sternotomy 11
Anterolateral thoracotomy 5
Both incisions 5
Cardiopulmonary bypass 1
Thoracotomy at OR 3
Laparotomy 3
  1. *denotes number of patients receiving packed red blood cells (range of amount given from arrival to emergency department (ED) until discharge to ICU or morgue)