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Table 1 Patient characteristics at the scene and the emergency department

From: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in near-drowning patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure

Variable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Age (years) 12 42 9 55 26 18 49 39 48
Sex F M M M M M M M M
Scene          
Location of drowning River River Pool River Lake River Pool River River
Precipitating events no Alcohol no Alcohol no no Alcohol Alcohol Alcohol
Submersion duration (min) 2 7.5 3 5 20 5 5 2 5
Time interval to EMS arrival (min) 31 21 21 Unknown 31 5 21 22 57
CPR by EMS n y y y y n y y n
ED          
Time interval to ED (min) 43 79 30 237 36 35 40 94 107
ROSC at arrival to ED y y y y n y n y y
Level of consciousness at ED Alert Stupor Stupor Stupor Coma Alert Coma Alert alert
GCS score 15 6 9 7 3 15 3 15 12
Pupil reflex p s p s f p f p p
SaO2 (%) 88 58 91 76 Unchecked 78 72 68 75
Body temperature (°C) 36 36 35 35 Unchecked 37 34 36.8 34.5
  1. F, female; M, male; min, minutes; EMS, emergency medical service; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; n, no; y, yes; ED, emergency department; ROSC, recovery of spontaneous circulation; GCS, Glasgow coma scale; p, prompt; s, sluggish; f, fixed; SaO2, arterial oxygen saturation.