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Table 3 Injury characteristics of hospitalized elderly and adult patients with subdural hematoma in fall accidents

From: Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries

Subdural hematoma
Variables Elderly Adult p
N = 242 N = 156
Age 77.7 ±7.6 49.4 ±11.0  
Gender, n (%)      <0.001
  Male 130 (53.7) 125 (80.1)  
  Female 112 (46.3) 31 (19.9)  
GCS 12.3 ±3.9 11.9 ±4.3 0.341
ISS 17.1 ±5.7 18.8 ±7.8 <0.001
NISS 21.6 ±12.4 24.0 ±14.6 0.274
TRISS 0.849 ±0.192 0.885 ±0.181 0.261
Mortality, n (%) 44 (18.2) 16 (10.3) 0.031
  Male 27 (20.8) 13 (10.4)  
  Female 17 (15.2) 3 (9.7)  
  AOR (95% CI) 1.9 (1.06-3.59)    0.033
LOS (days) 11.6 ±11.6 14.9 ±14.0 0.037
ICU      
  Patients, n (%) 173 (71.5) 106 (67.9) 0.452
  <16 20 (48.8) 13 (54.2) 0.675
  16-24 107 (71.3) 59 (65.6) 0.348
  ≥25 46 (90.2) 34 (81.0) 0.201
 LICUS (days) 8.5 ±10.7 7.8 ±8.5 0.158
  <16 5.6 ±6.1 3.0 ±0.8 0.014
  16-24 7.9 ±10. 6.6 ±8.2 0.130
  ≥25 11.1 ±13.1 11.7 ±9.2 0.119
Operation, n (%)      0.102
  Yes 58 (24.0) 49 (31.4)  
  No 184 (76.0) 107 (68.6)  
Operation 1.4 ±0.7 1.6 ±1.0 0.063