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Table 1 Demographics of hospitalized elderly and adult trauma patients in fall accidents

From: Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries

Variable Elderly Adult p
N = 2403 N = 1909
Age 78.0 ±7.3 49.8 ±11.1  
Gender, n (%)      <0.001
 Male 788 (32.8) 1171 (61.3)  
 Female 161 (67.2) 73 (38.7)  
Co-morbidity      
 DM 740 (30.8) 295 (15.5) <0.001
 HTN 1493 (62.1) 451 (23.6) <0.001
 CAD 221 (9.2) 48 (2.5) <0.001
 CHF 71 (3.0) 16 (0.8) <0.001
 CVA 335 (13.9) 168 (3.6) <0.001
 ESRD 123 (5.1) 64 (3.4) 0.005
Fall height, n (%)      
 <1 m 2209 (91.9) 1194 (62.5) <0.001
 1-6 m 191 (7.9) 672 (35.2) <0.001
 >6 m 3 (0.1) 43 (2.3) <0.001
GCS 14.5 ±1.9 14.4 ±2.0 0.283
 ≤8 69 (2.9) 74 (3.9) 0.067
 9-12 92 (3.8) 57 (3.0) 0.132
 ≥13 2242 (93.3) 1778 (93.1) 0.833
AIS, n (%)      
 Head/Neck 510 (21.2) 451 (23.6) 0.060
 Face 99 (4.1) 161 (8.4) <0.001
 Thorax 129 (5.4) 209 (10.9) <0.001
 Abdomen 102 (4.2) 149 (7.8) <0.001
 Extremity 1857 (77.3) 1408 (73.8) 0.007
ISS, n (%)      
 <16 2106 (87.6) 1646 (86.2) 0.169
 16-24 229 (9.5) 195 (10.2) 0.453
 ≥25 68 (2.8) 68 (3.6) 0.172
ISS 9.3 ±4.4 8.3 ±6.1 <0.001
 <16 8.0 ±2.4 6.4 ±2.9 <0.001
 16-24 16.7 ±1.4 17.3 ±2.1 <0.001
 ≥25 25.8 ±2.2 29.4 ±8.0 <0.001
NISS 10.3 ±6.8 9.5 ±8.2 <0.001
TRISS 0.99 ±0.12 0.99 ±0.12 0.768
Mortality, n (%) 78 (3.2) 25 (1.3) <0.001
 Men 46 (5.8) 22 (1.9)  
 Female 32 (2.0) 3 (0.4)  
 AOR (95%CI) 0.40 (0.13-1.20)    0.103
LOS (days) 9.6 ±8.7 8.5 ±9.4 0.183
ICU      
 Patients, n (%) 390 (16.2) 225 (13.4) 0.009
  <16 175 (8.3) 85 (5.2) <0.001
  16-24 153 (66.8) 115 (59.0) 0.095
≥25 62 (91.2) 55 (80.9) 0.083
 LICUS (days) 8.6 ±11.4 7.6 ±9.1 0.034
  <16 6.8 ±8.3 5.1 ±5.8 0.032
  16-24 8.8 ±12.3 7.4 ±10.0 0.092
  ≥25 13.3 ±14.7 12.0 ±9.6 0.018