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Table 1 Summary of the characteristics of trauma, types of damage-control interventions, and outcomes

From: Venovenous extracorporeal life support for posttraumatic respiratory distress syndrome in adults: the risk of major hemorrhages

No Age (year) Mechanism of trauma ISS Pre-ECLS management Trauma to ECLS (hour) Outcome (ECLS hour)
MV hour Damage control surgery/TAE
1 53 Car-pedestriant accident 20 4 No 5 Survived (69)
2 29 Motorbike accident 17 6 No 7 Withdrawn-and-survived (61)
3 33 Motorbike accident 29 5 Thoracotomy: RML-RLL bilobectomy, pericardiotomy 9 Survived (187)
4 38 Motorbike accident 50 8 No 10 Weaned-and-survived (145)
5 59 Car accident 75 9 Pericardiocentesis and subxiphoid incision to release cardiac tamponade 11 Survived (75)
6 23 Accidental fall 75 9 Thoracotomy: Repair RML/RLL lacerations 14 Withdrawn-and-dead (40)
Laparotomy: Ligation of right hepatic artery with perihepatic packing
7 49 Trunk-pedestriant accident 41 14 TAE for retroperitoneal hemorrhage, external fixation of pelvic fracture 16 Survived (222)
8 43 Motorbike accident 29 4 No 21 Survived (77)
9 20 Motorbike accident 75 21 TAE for grade 4 hepatic laceration. 23 Dead-on-ECLS (24)
Laparotomy: Ligation of right hepatic artery and right portal vein with perihepatic packing
10 57 Car accident 75 49 TAE for retroperitoneal hemorrhage, external fixation of pelvic fracture. 52 Dead-on-ECLS (423)
Laparotomy: Resect terminal ileum and right colon with end-ileostomy for bowel perforation
11 37 Accidental fall with chest penetrating injury 22 74 Laparotomy: Repair gastric and diaphragmatic perforation, repair spleen avulsion 76 Survived (66)
12 61 Motorbike accident 43 91 Laparotomy: Repair small bowel perforation 100 Survived (143)
13 32 Motorbike accident 29 126 Internal fixation of right proximal femoral fracture 138 Dead-on-ECLS (1030)
14 28 Car accident 43 143 TAE for grade 3 hepatic laceration 175 Survived (94)
Laparotomy: Repair mesocolonic laceration
15 72 Motorbike accident 18 227 Thoracoscopy for empyema evacuation 248 Dead-on-ECLS (111)
16 56 Motorbike accident 10 150 No 295 Survived (517)
17 25 Trunk-pedestriant accident 41 365 TAE for grade 3 hepatic laceration 384 Survived (456)
Thoracotomy: RML -RLL bilobectomy and bronchoplasty
Exploratory laparotomy
18 27 Motorbike accident 50 174 TAE for grade 5 hepatic laceration 574 Weaned-but-Dead (352)
Laparoscopy for persistent bile leak and intra-abdominal abscess
Thoracotomy: Descending aortic replacement
19 27 Compression injury 25 40 Laparotomy: Cystorrhaphy 115 Survived (161)
20 58 Accidental fall 17 310 TAE for grade 4 renal laceration 334 Survived (169)
  1. ECLS: Extracorporeal life support.
  2. MV hour: Mechanical ventilation hour before and extended to ECLS without interruption. TAE: Transcatheter arterial embolization.
  3. CA: Cardiac arrest. RML: Right middle lobe of lung, RLL: Right lower lobe of lung.