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Table 6 Significant differences in decedents and survivors divided by age

From: Mortality in severely injured elderly patients: a retrospective analysis of a German level 1 trauma center (2002–2011)

Age   Decedents Survivors p value
76-80 Patients 31 18  
  GCS 6 (3 - 12) 14 (9 - 15) = 0.004
  ISS 26 (25 - 33) 20 (17 - 25) < 0.001
  TRISS 0.5 (0.4 – 0.6) 0.8 (0.6 – 1.0) = 0.001
  RISC 68.6 (59.2 – 78.1) 27.9 (17.8 – 38.0) < 0.001
  Intubation at AS 71% 35.3% = 0.017
  Thoracic drainage in TR 21.4% 0% = 0.035
  MOF 56% 25% =0.050
  Mortality proportion 63.3%  
  RISC overall 53.4  
81-85 Patients 15 15  
  GCS 3 (3 - 8) 13 (6 - 15) = 0.002
  RTS 4.5 (2.8 – 6.1) 7.1 (6.4 – 7.8) = 0.003
  ISS 26 (25 - 36) 19 (17 - 25) = 0.007
  TRISS 0.4 (0.2 – 0.6) 0.9 (0.8 – 1.0) < 0.001
  RISC 69.3 (54.2 – 84.4) 30.5 (15.1 – 45.8) < 0.001
  Heart rate at AS 100 (90 - 120) 80 (76 - 84) = 0.015
  Heart rate in TR 112 (80 - 123) 82 (76 - 100) = 0.037
  PTT (sec) 56.4 (13.0 – 99.9) 29.6 (22.9 – 36.2) = 0.008
  Intubation at AS 73.3% 33.3% = 0.028
  Mortality proportion 50.0%  
  RISC overall 49.9  
86-90 Patients 12 10  
  ISS 26 (25 - 29) 24 (17 - 25) = 0.007
  RISC 74.4 (64.5 – 84.4) 50.4 (32.3 – 68.5) = 0.030
  Intubation at AS 100% 70% = 0.041
  Mortality proportion 54.6%  
  RISC overall 63.5  
> 90 Patients 4 3  
  Intubation at AS 75% 0% 0.047
  Mortality proportion 57.1%  
  RISC overall 54.4  
  1. Categorical variables are presented as median with the interquartile range in parentheses, continuous variables as means with the 95% confidence interval in parentheses, and incidences as percentages; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; TRISS, Trauma and Injury Severity Score; RISC, Revised Injury Severity Classification; AS, Accident scene; TR, Trauma room; MOF, Multi-organ failure; PTT, Partial Thromboplastin time.