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Table 1 Ambulance system cost estimations

From: Regional intensive care transports: a prospective analysis of distance, time and cost for road, helicopter and fixed-wing ambulances

System Total Fixed cost % Op cost (fuel, crew) Hourly% Total cost, excl med crew % Med crew Med crew% Admin Admin%
RA 6,040 SEK/hr included   included   82, SEK/km 57,740 SEK/hr 95% 300 SEK/hr 5% included  
RW 1 61,700 SEK/hr 37,000 SEK/hr 60% 12,800 SEK/hr 21% 50,700 SEK/hr 82% 11,000 SEK/hr 18% 900 SEK/hr 1%
RW 2 41,610 SEK/hr 25,714 SEK/hr 62% 8,000 SEK/hr 19% 33,715 SEK/hr 81% 7,895 SEK/hr 19% 71 SEK/hr < 1%
RW 3 37,850 SEK/hr 24,483 SEK/hr 65% 9,500 SEK/hr 25% 34,947 SEK/hr 92% 3,053 SEK/hr 8% 814 SEK/hr < 1%
FW 25,831 SEK/hr none in this contract   21,301 SEK/hr 100% 21,301 SEK/hr 82% 4,430 SEK/hr 18% 100 SEK/hr < 1%
  1. Table legend. RA = road ambulance, RW = rotor wing ambulance, FW = fixed wing ambulance. For RA: usual ambulance crew plus addition specialist nurse as medical crew; Op = operational; hr = hour; excl = excluding; Med = medical; Admin = administration cost; For RW1 and RW2: two pilot and physician plus nurse medical crew. For RW3: one pilot plus HEMS pilot assistant and nurse only medical crew. For FW: two pilot and physician plus nurse medical crew.