Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Patients classified by BD (classes I to IV): haemostatic and fluid resuscitation

From: The impact of severe traumatic brain injury on a novel base deficit- based classification of hypovolemic shock

  Class I Class II Class III Class IV
BD ≤ 2.0 (none to minimal) BD >2.0 to 6.0 (mild) BD > 6.0 to 10.0 (moderate) BD > 10.0 (severe)
Transfusion requirements     
All blood products/units (n; mean ± SD) 1.5 (6) 4.2 (11.5) 9.4 (17.5) 15.1 (22)
pRBC transfusions/units (n; mean ± SD) 1.1 (3.4) 2.6 (5.8) 5 (8.4) 8.1 (10.9)
FFP transfusions/units (n; mean ± SD) 0.8 (3.1) 2.3 (11.6) 4.1 (7.4) 6.2 (10)
TC transfusion/units (n; mean ± SD) 0.1 (0.5) 0.3 (1.1) 0.6 (1.8) 0.9 (1.8)
TASH Score (points; mean ± SD) 3.1 (3.1) 5.6 (4.0) 10.0 (5.0) 13.5 (5.3)
IV fliuds at ED (ml; mean ± SD) 1498 (1531) 2143 (2075) 2573 (2404) 2964 (2564)
Vasopressors at ED (n; %) 888 (21.9) 1233 (36.1) 690 (52.3) 549 (75.8)
  1. (n = 10,201; p < 0.001 for all parameters).
  2. Abbreviations: pRBC packed red blood cells, FFP fresh frozen plasma, TC thrombocyte concentrate, TASH Trauma-associated severe hemorrhage score, i.v. intravenous, ED Emergency Department.