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Table 1 The BD-based classification of hypovolemic shock [9]

From: The impact of severe traumatic brain injury on a novel base deficit- based classification of hypovolemic shock

  Class I Class II Class III Class IV
Shock none to minimal mild moderate severe
BD at admission (mmol/l) ≤ 2 > 2.0 to 6.0 > 6.0 to 10.0 > 10.0
Need for blood products watch consider act Be prepared for massive transfusion
  1. Abbreviations: BD base deficit.