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Table 2 Description of documented assessment and interventions in all patients n = 651 with a severe traumatic brain injury

From: Has increased nursing competence in the ambulance services impacted on pre-hospital assessment and interventions in severe traumatic brain-injured patients?

  Year 2000-2005 Year 2006-2009
  395 n (%) 256 n (%)
Assessments   
Airway (clear airway) 247 (63) 132 (51)
Breathing (Saturation) 254 (57) 171 (67)
Circulation (BP) 264 (67) 161 (63)
Neurology (GCS) 385 (97) 246 (96)
Documentation of secondary insults (Sat < 90, BP <90) 80 (21) 46 (18)
Interventions   
Intubation on scene 71 (18) 49 (19)
I.V. fluid 124 (31) 73 (29)
Sedation 239 (61) 158 (61)
Direct transportation to level 1 trauma centre 201 (51) 141 (55)
Outcome   
Length of ICU stay (mean) 11.16 days 8.82 days
In hospital mortality 120 (30) 75 (29)
GOS at 3 months   
Favourable (GOS 4–5) 56 (14) 15 (6)
Unfavourable (GOS 1–3) 339 (86) 241 (94)