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Table 2 Patient characteristics subdivided by cause of death

From: Clinical review is essential to evaluate 30-day mortality after trauma

  TBI Hemorrhage Organ dysfunction Other/Unknown
Deaths, n 180 50 46 31
Autopsy 86 (47.8%) 50 (100%) 11 (23.9%) 29 (93.5%)
Penetrating: Blunt trauma 5:175 16:34 1:45 1:30
DOA 17 (9.4%) 22 (44.0%) 0 (0%) 15 (48.4%)
Age, years 69 (50–81)a 33 (24–50) 83 (70–88)b 53 (38–75)
Sex, male 65% 82% 72% 87%
ISS 27 (25–41)a 56 (39–75) 25 (17–30)b 38 (29–66)
Time to death, hours 28 (7–120)c 1 (0.3–3) 180 (72–312)b 0.8 (0.3–96)
  1. Values are median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated. ISS = Injury Severity Score. DOA = Dead On Arrival.
  2. aP < 0.01 vs hemorrhage, bP < 0.0001 vs hemorrhage and Other/Unknown.
  3. cP vs hemorrhage, organ dysfunction and Other/Unknown.