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Table 3 Univariate analysis of demographic and clinical parameters according to in-hospital outcome

From: Pre-hospital and admission parameters predict in-hospital mortality among patients 60 years and older following severe trauma

  Mortality group (n = 74) Survival group (n = 342) P value
Age, years 79.8 ± 8.9 76.2 ± 9.7 0.003
Gender, males * 45 (60.8) 187 (54.7) NS
ISS ≥ 25* 62 (83.8) 124 (36.3) <0.0001
Mechanism of injury-fall * 47 (63.5) 224 (65.5) NS
Number of regions injured 2.0 ± 1.5 1.99 ± 1.3 NS
Intubation upon arrival* 26 (35.1) 26 (7.6) <0.0001
GCS upon arrival ≤8 * 38 (51.4) 40 (11.7) <0.0001
Head AIS ≥ 3 * 58 (78.4) 250 (73.1) NS
Creatinine at arrival (mg %) 136.1 ± 121.6 96.2 ± 52.3 <0.0001
INR at arrival 1.54 ± 0.9 1.18 ± 0.4 <0.0001
Required surgery * 30 (40.5) 127 (37.1) NS
Required ICU stay * 53 (71.6) 173 (50.6) 0.001
Received blood products * 50 (67.6) 159 (46.5) 0.001
Complications * 19 (25.7) 70 (20.5) NS
  1. Data shown as mean (and SD), or number of patients (and percentage points)*.
  2. ISS Injury severity score, GCS Glasgow coma scale, AIS Abbreviated injury scale, INR International normalized ratio, ICU Intensive care unit.