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Table 2 Prehospital critical care anaesthesiologists’ reasons for pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists postponing pre-hospital advanced airway management (PHAAM) (n = 347)

From: Refraining from pre-hospital advanced airway management: a prospective observational study of critical decision making in an anaesthesiologist-staffed pre-hospital critical care service

Reason for postponing/withholding PHAAM* Patients in total ETI** in ED*** Difficult ETI in ED
Number (% of the 347 patients) Number (% of total number in row)
Number (% of total number in row)
Expected difficult PHETI**** 19 (5.5) 10 (52.6) 2 (20.0)
Difficult access to patient 4 (1.2) 1 (25.0) 0
Short transport time to the ED 64 (18.4) 30 (46.9) 3 (10.0)
The patient’s condition 257 (75.1) 15 (5.8) 1 (6.7)
Patient co-morbidity 107 (30.8) 3 (2.8) 1 (33.3)
Insufficient PHAAM training 0 0 0
Insufficient equipment available 1 (0.3) 1 (100.0) 1 (100%)
No assistance available 4 (1.2) 2 (50.0) 0
Other 0 0 0
  1. *Patients may fall into more than one category.
  2. **Endotracheal Intubation.
  3. ***Emergency Department.
  4. ****Pre-hospital Endotracheal Intubation.