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Table 2 Five-year excess mortality according to sex and main toxic agent

From: Five-year mortality after acute poisoning treated in ambulances, an Emergency outpatient clinic and hospitals in Oslo

   Ambulance   Outpatient clinic   Hospital   Total  
Sex          
 - Males Dead N (%) 85 (19) 68 (16) 43 (14) 196 (16)
  SMR (CI) 12.7 (10.0–15.5) 9.5 (7.5–12.1) 5.5 (3.9–7.2) 9.1 (7.8–10.3)
 - Females Dead N (%) 27 (11) 18 (9) 44 (11) 89 (10)
  SMR (CI) 9.0 (5.6–12.4) 11.5 (6.2–16.8) 6.3 (4.4–8.1) 7.7 (6.1–9.3)
Main toxic agent          
 - Opioid Dead N (%) 57 (18) 23 (18) 12 (24) 92 (18)
  SMR (CI) 35.1 26.0–44.2) 35.3 (23.5–53.0) 10.4 (4.5–16.2) 26.8 (21.3–32.3)
 - Ethanol Dead N (%) 32 (14) 50 (15) 18 (16) 100 (14)
  SMR (CI) 5.5 (4.3–7.0) 7.8 (5.9–10.3) 8.1 (4.4–11.9) 6.9 (5.6–8.3)
 - Prescription drugs Dead N (%) 14 (20) 4 (5) 48 (12) 66 (12)
  SMR (CI) 9.0 (5.3–15.2) 6.5 (2.4–17.3) 5.1 (3.6–6.5) 5.7 (4.3–7.0)
 - Other Dead N (%) 9 (15) 9 (10) 9 (7) 27 (10)
  SMR (CI) 13.6 (4.7–22.5) 8.7 (4.5–16.7) 4.6 (1.6–7.6) 7.4 (4.6–10.2)
Total Dead N (%) 112 (16) 86 (13) 87 (12) 285 (14)
  SMR (CI) 11.6 (9.4–13.7) 9.9 (8.0–12.2) 5.9 (4.6–7.1) 8.6 (7.6–9.6)
  1. SMR: Age and sex adjusted standardized mortality rate.
  2. Excess mortality in the 2045 patients treated for acute poisoning at different health care levels in Oslo in 2003.