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Table 2 Patients characteristics and indication for PHAAM* (N = 734)

From: Pre-hospital advanced airway management by experienced anaesthesiologists: a prospective descriptive study

Patient category Number %
Isolated traumatic brain injury 40 5.4
Multitrauma (blunt) 60 8.1
Strangulation /suffocation 16 2.2
Burns 11 1.5
Other blunt trauma 16 2.2
Blunt trauma, total 143 19.5
Penetrating trauma 4 0.5
Trauma, total 147 20.0
Cardiac arrest 407 55.4
Cardiac (excluding cardiac arrest) 20 2.7
Asthma / COPD 37 5.0
Stroke / subarachnoid hemorrhage 83 11.3
Oto- rhino- laryngology 3 0.4
Other patient categories 102 13.9
First respiratory rate below 8 424 57.8
First respiratory rate over 30 24 3.3
First oxygen saturation below 90% 665 ** 90.6
First heart rate below 40 352 48.0
First heart rate over 180 2 0.3
First systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg 386 52.6
First GCS*** 3-8 640 87.2
First GCS*** 9-13 50 6.8
First GCS*** 14-15 35 4.8
  1. *Pre-hospital Advanced Airway Management.
  2. **279 with supplementary oxygen.
  3. ***Glasgow Coma Scale, data is missing on 9 patients.