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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients included in this study

From: Early brain computed tomography findings are associated with outcome in patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

  Good outcome (n = 21) Poor outcome (n = 30) p
Age, years, mean ± SD 55.3 ± 14.6 51.3 ± 16.8 0.365
Male, N (%) 17 (56.7) 16 (76.2) 0.200
Underlying disease, N (%)    
 Hypertension 2 (9.5) 7 (23.3) 0.203
 Diabetes 2 (9.5) 4 (13.3) 0.678
 Stroke 0 2 (6.7) 0.227
 Coronary disease 4 (19.0) 1 (3.3) 0.063
 Renal disease 0 1 (3.3) 0.398
 Pulmonary disease 0 4 (13.3) 0.081
Witnessed arrest, N (%) 16 (53.3) 19 (90.5) 0.005
Bystander CPR, N (%) 11 (36.7) 12 (57.1) 0.100
Shockable rhythm, N (%) 5 (16.7) 15 (71.4) <0.001
Cardiac etiology, N (%) 15 (50.0) 20 (95.2) 0.001
Time, min, median (IQR)    
 collapse to CPR start 1.0 (0.0-6.0) 7.5 (3.75-21.0) 0.009
 CPR start to ROSC 20.0 (12.0-31.5) 23.5 (19.0-30.0) 0.276
 collapse to ROSC 25.0 (19.0-35.5) 34.5 (25.8-48.3) 0.018
Epinephrine dose during resuscitation, median (IQR) 3.0 (2.0-4.0) 2.0 (0.0-5.0) 0.388
Time from ROSC to CT, min, median (IQR) 15.5 (6.8-25.8) 13.0 (6.5-21.5) 0.619
Neurologic examination after ROSC, N (%)    
 GCS scores 3 14 (66.7) 30 (100.0) 0.009
 GCS scores 4 1 (4.8) 0  
 GCS scores 5 3 (14.3) 0  
 GCS scores 6 3 (14.3) 0  
 Present pupillary light reflex 10 (47.6) 4 (13.3) 0.007
 Present corneal reflex 9 (42.9) 2 (6.7) 0.002
 Present motor response 8 (38.1) 0 <0.001
Outcome    
 Length of hospital stay, days, median (IQR) 16.0 (13.0-29.0) 4.0 (3.0-7.3) <0.001
 Survival discharge, N (%) 21 8  
  1. SD standard deviation, CT computed tomography, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation, OHCA out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, IQR interquartile range, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, GCS Glasgow coma scale.