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Table 1 Comparison of patient data between the group who reported cold (n = 27), and those who did not (n = 35)

From: Patients’ experiences of cold exposure during ambulance care

  Total Experience of cold No experience of cold p-value phi
Age
≤ 59 21 10 11 0.512  
≥ 60 41 17 24   
Sex
Male 28 13 15 0.875  
Female 34 14 20   
Clothing
Thin 21 11 10   
Medium 31 12 19   
Thick 10 4 6   
Observation start
Indoor 54 22 32   
Outdoor 8 5 3   
Observation time (minutes)   18 21   
Cold mattress
Yes 14 12 2 0.001 0.46
No 48 15 33   
Shivering      
Yes 15 9 6 0.018 0.34
No 47 5 42   
Thermal discomfort from cold
Yes 14 14 0 0.001 0.62
No 48 35 13