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Table 2 Data analysis in seven steps according to the phenomenographic tradition modified by the authors

From: The Prehospital assessment of severe trauma patients` performed by the specialist ambulance nurse in Sweden – a phenomenographic study

1. Familiarization. Interviews were read through to become familiar with the material.
2. Condensation. Statements that shed light on the researched phenomenon were highlighted.
3. Comparison. Statements were systematically compared with each other to identify similarities and differences.
4. Grouping. Data that appeared to be similar were grouped.
5. Articulating. The essence of similarity within each group was described. Groups were then put together based on the internal relations of the statements whereby referential themes were formed.
6. Labeling. Themes were clarified by formulating suitable vocabulary, and structural themes were established.
7. Contrasting. Comparison, focusing on similarities in order to ensure that each theme had a unique character.
  1. Throughout the analysis process, a reiterating process was used, especially between steps four and five. Quotes were chosen to strengthen the description of the referential themes [15].