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Table 4 Toxic agents causing coma and the most common toxic agents in 201 comatose patients with acute poisoning in Oslo during one year 2008–2009

From: A one-year observational study of all hospitalized acute poisonings in Oslo: complications, treatment and sequelae

Main agent % in a coma n (%) of coma
GHB (61) 52 (26)
Ethanol (21) 40 (20)
Opioids (31) 35 (17)
BZD (18) 28 (14)
Cocaine (38) 5 (2)
Antidepressants (8) 5 (2)
BZD-like substances (9) 5 (2)
Neuroleptics (8) 5 (2)
Paracetamol (4) 5 (2)
Others (10) 21 (10)
Total   201 (100)
  1. BZD benzodiazepines, GHB gamma-hydroxybutyric acid.