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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and discharge diagnoses for direct admission group (DAG) and control group (CG)

From: The clinical consequences of a pre-hospital diagnosis of stroke by the emergency medical service system. A pilot study

  DAG (n = 53) CG (n = 49) P
Age (median, IQ range) 83 (76–88) 79 (68–87) 0.048
Gender    0.69
Male 23 (43%) 24 (49%)  
Female 30 (57%) 25 (51%)  
Prior stroke 27 (51%) 15 (31%) 0.045
Hypertension 35 (66%) 30 (61%) 0.68
Diabetes mellitus 8 (15%) 6 (12%) 0.78
Atrial fibrillation 13 (25%) 13 (27%) 0.82
Hyperlipidemia 15 (28%) 13 (27%) 1.00
IHD 8 (15%) 17 (35%) 0.037
Current smokers (7/3)* 8 (17%) 10 (22%) 0.79
Length of stay in hospital, days 10 (5–19) 13 (7–23) 0.35
(median, IQ range)    
Time EC – ward (1/0)* 54 (45–63) 289 (215–439) <0.0001
(median, IQ range)    
Moved to other ward in hospital 3 (6%) 4 (8%) 0.71
Mortality in hospital 1 (2%) 3 (6%) 0.35
Discharge diagnosis:    0.60
Stroke 29 (55%) 34 (70%)  
TIA 6 (11%) 3 (6%)  
Sequelae of prior stroke 10 (19%) 7 (14%)  
Epilepsy 3 (6%) 1 (2%)  
Other diagnosis 5 (9%) 4 (8%)  
  1. * Number of patients with missing information in each group respectively.
  2. IQ = Inter quartile.
  3. EC = Emergency Call.
  4. Time EC – ward = Time from the patient’s call for ambulance until in patient bed at stroke unit, in minutes.
  5. IHD = Ischemic heart disease.
  6. TIA = Transient Ischemic Attack.
  7. Moved to other ward in hospital = Number of patients who were moved toanother ward in the hospital during hospital stay because of medical condition.