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Table 7 The univariate association between the number of abnormal vital signs, ICU admission and in-hospital mortality

From: Abnormal vital signs are strong predictors for intensive care unit admission and in-hospital mortality in adults triaged in the emergency department - a prospective cohort study

Abnormal vital signs (N) Patients (N) Patients (%) Admission to ICU In-hospital mortality
    OR CI P OR CI P
0 3916 74.9 1.0    1.0   
1 1002 19.2 2.2 1.25-3.89 0.006 4.03 2.57-6.32 < 0.0001
2 244 4.7 13.03 7.64-22.23 < 0.0001 12.37 7.43-20.58 < 0.0001
3 57 1.1 15.99 6.76-37.77 < 0.0001 29.36 14.66-58.81 < 0.0001
4 11 0.2 No ITA    37.27 9.53-145.77 < 0.0001
5 0 0       
  1. ICU: intensive care unit; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval
  2. Illustrates cases with all 5 vital signs scored (SpO2, RR, BP, HR and GCS). A total of 1096 (20%) patients had one or more of the 5 vital signs missing in the primary triage