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Table 2 Analysis of factors influenced development of complications, including biliary complications in the study group

From: Complications of high grade liver injuries: management and outcomewith focus on bile leaks

  Complications No complications Biliary complications P value
  (n = 22) (n = 24) (n = 15)  
Male 17 17 13 NS
Age (years) 23.7 ± 11.9 20.6 ± 15 22.5 ± 12.2 NS
ISS (mean ± SD) 36 ± 14 32.6 ± 15 35 ± 15 NS
Grade of liver injury (mean ± SD) 4 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.6 4 ± 0.75 NS
Angioembolization (%) 6 (27.2) 5 (20.8) 5 (33.3) NS
OR (%) 15 (68.2)* 8 (33.3) 9 (60) 0.038
Penetrating injury (%) 7 (31.8) 5 (20.8) 5 (33.3) NS
  1. OR - operative group; ISS - Injury severity score; NS - Differences not significant; * - p < 0.05 - complication rate was higher in OR patients.