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Table 1 Liver injuries by demographic, ISS, management, number of complications and mortality

From: Complications of high grade liver injuries: management and outcomewith focus on bile leaks

  Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 All P value
  (n = 14) (n = 34) (n = 16) (n = 64)  
Age, mean (± SD) 27.5 ± 16.8 23 ± 14.3 29 ± 16.1 24.8 ± 15.5 NS
Gender, male (%) 9 (64.3) 22 (64.7) 13 (81.3) 44 (68.8) NS
ISS, mean (± SD) 33.8 ± 14.4 33.3 ± 13.6 36 ± 11.7 35.3 ± 13.4 NS
Operative management (%) 6 (43%) 19 (56%) 15 (94%)# 40 (62%) 0.008
Overall mortality (%) 3 (21%) 10 (29%) 11 (69%) 24 (37.5%) 0.01
Gender, male (%) 9 (64.3) 22 (64.7) 13 (81.3) 44 (68.8) NS
ISS, mean (± SD) 33.8 ± 14.4 33.3 ± 13.6 36 ± 11.7 35.3 ± 13.4 NS
Operative management (%) 6 (43%) 19 (56%) 15 (94%)# 40 (62%) 0.008
Overall mortality (%) 3 (21%) 10 (29%) 11 (69%) 24 (37.5%) 0.01
  1. ISS - injury severity score; NS - non significant difference; # - grade 5 data significantly different from grades 3 and 4.