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Table 2 Main and co-agents, main agents separated by sex

From: Outpatient treatment of acute poisonings in Oslo: poisoning pattern, factors associated with hospitalization, and mortality

Toxic agent Main+co-agents Main agents
  n (%) Total n (%) Males n (%) Females n (%) p-value
Ethanol 1236 (53) 1018 (43) 688 (44) 330 (42) ns
Opioids 613 (26) 519 (22) 415 (27) 104 (13) < 0.001*
CO/fire smoke 233 (10) 231 (10) 136 (9) 95 (12) 0.018*
Benzodiazepines 376 (16) 122 (5) 72 (5) 50 (6) ns
Amphetamines 196 (8) 73 (3) 63 (4) 10 (1) < 0.001*
Paracetamol 104 (4) 58 (2) 17 (1) 41 (5) < 0.001*
GHB 58 (2) 54 (2) 39 (3) 15 (2) ns
Antidepressants 54 (2) 39 (2) 10 (1) 29 (4) < 0.001*
Scopolamine 45 (2) 34 (1) 26 (2) 8 (1) ns
Neuroleptics 42 (2) 29 (1) 7 (< 0.5) 22 (3) < 0.001*
Zopiclone/zolpidem 65 (3) 27 (1) 11 (1) 16 (2) 0.011*
Cocaine 32 (1) 12 (1) 10 (1) 2 (< 0.5) ns
NSAIDs 31 (1) 12 (1) 6 (< 0.5) 6 (1) ns
Antihistamines 24 (1) 10 (< 0.5) 2 (< 0.5) 8 (1) 0.004*
Antiepileptics 16 (1) 9 (< 0.5) 3 (< 0.5) 6 (1) ns
Ecstasy 14 (1) 5 (< 0.5) 3 (< 0.5) 2 (< 0.5) ns
Other gases 21 (1) 20 (1) 12 (1) 8 (1) ns
Other 194 (8) 76 (3) 33 (2) 43 (5) < 0.001*
Total cases   2348 (100) 1553 (100) 795 (100)  
  1. *Significant
  2. Main agents present in ≤ 5 patients were defined as "other"
  3. NSAIDs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  4. Among the opioids as main agent, 478 were by illegal substances. Among the legal opioids, 19 were by methadone and 14 were by buprenorphine. Among the cases involving antidepressants as the main agent, 22 were by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and five were by tricyclic antidepressants. Among the cases involving paracetamol as the main agent, 21 were by codeine-combination formulas