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Table 1 Contingencies affecting team efficiency.

From: Team behaviors in emergency care: a qualitative study using behavior analysis of what makes team work

Antecedents Key Behaviors Consequences
Team members communicate about decision to start the next care episode Take patient history together Team physician saves time by not having to repeat patient information and physician orders (+)
Team members free from work tasks related to previous patients   Team nurses know what to do (e.g. which physician orders to act on) (+)
All team members present   Team members can solve problems immediately (+)
Nurses inform patients that patient history will be taken with all team members present   Team members perceive that they are being watched and potentially evaluated by other team members (-)
   Team members have to wait for each other (-)
The assigned team room available Go to assigned team room Team members find each other and can perform task without unnecessary delay (+)
Team members have or need to communicate and coordinate   Team members lack overview over total patient flow in the ED (-)
   Team members find no available work station in the assigned team room (-)
   Team members perceive that they are being watched and potentially evaluated by other team members (-)
Team members have or need new information on an ongoing patient Verbal communicate with team members Team members know what tasks have been performed and what to do next (+)
Team members need to revise the plan for an ongoing patient   Team members have an overview over the team patients throughout the process (+)
Physician decides on discharge of patient   Team members perform tasks without delays and the results of one's work are visible (+)
Team members need to revise the patient flow or attend to tasks unrelated to team tasks   Team members perceive that they are being watched and potentially evaluated by other team members (-)
Team members are assigned other tasks unrelated to team members   Team members perceive their own tasks and work pace to be influenced by others (-)
Team members have access to each other   
  1. Pinpointed behaviors that are essential for successful teamwork and conditions triggering the behaviors (antecedents) and increasing (+) or decreasing (-) the likelihood for the behaviors. unless otherwise specified.