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Table 2 Study definition of an immediate life-saving intervention

From: The validity of the canadian triage and acuity scale in predicting resource utilization and the need for immediate life-saving interventions in elderly emergency department patients

1. Airway and breathing support, including intubation or emergent noninvasive positive pressure ventilation.
2. Electrical therapy, including defibrillation, emergent cardioversion, or external pacing.
3. Procedures, including chest needle decompression, pericardiocentesis, or open thoracotomy.
4. Hemodynamic support, including significant intravenous fluid resuscitation in the setting of hypotension, blood administration, or control of major bleeding.
5. Emergency medications, including naloxone, dextrose, atropine, adenosine, epinephrine, or vasopressors