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Table 5 Potentially severely injured patients admitted with trauma team activation and with one or more criteria applied in the mechanism-of-injury group, and no criteria applied in vital-functions or extent-of-injury group, n = 132

From: Evaluation of a university hospital trauma team activation protocol

Criterion Criterion applied to the patient (no. of patients) Criterion applied to a severely injured patient (ISS>15), (no. of patients) Criterion applied to a patient receiving an emergency procedure (no. of patients)
Mechanism of injury 19. Ejected from vehicle 2 0 0
  20. Co passenger dead 0 0 0
  21. Trapped in wreck 6 2 (33%) 4 (67%)
  22. Pedestrian or cyclist hit by motor vehicle 17 3 (18%) 2 (12%)
  23. Motorcycle accident 14 0 1 (7%)
  24. Considerable deformation of vehicle passenger compartment 41 2 (5%) 3 (7%)
  25. Traffic accident with speed>60 km/h 67 3 (4%) 6 (9%)
  26. Fall from >5 m 7 3 (43%) 3 (43%)
  27. Avalanche accident 4 1 (25%) 0
  1. ISS: Injury Severity Score, ISS > 15: Severely injured patient, GCS: Glasgow Coma Score
  2. Emergency procedure: endotracheal intubation, chest tube insertion, hemostatic surgery in the abdomen or pelvis, thoracotomy or fracture stabilization. Each patient may have more than one criterion applied.