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Table 2 Pertinent reconstructive options, based on location

From: A review of ureteral injuries after external trauma

Upper third Uretero-ureterostomy (Fig. 3)
  Ureteropyelostomy
Middle third Uretero-ureterostomy
  Transuretero-ureterostomy (Fig. 4)
  Anterior wall bladder flap (Boari) (Fig. 5)
Lower third Ureteroneocystostomy (direct reimplantation)
  Ureteroneocystostomy (psoas hitch) (Fig. 6)