Skip to main content

Table 1 Teamwork skills from the ANTS system

From: Teamwork skills, shared mental models, and performance in simulated trauma teams: an independent group design

Teamwork skills Definitions Examples of markers of good behaviour Examples of markers of poor behaviour
Coordination Managing synchronous and/or simultaneous activities to align the pace and sequencing of others' contributions with goal accomplishment Confirms roles and responsibilities of team members Does not involve team in task
Information exchange Giving and receiving the knowledge and data necessary for team coordination and task completion Gives situation updates/reports key events Fails to express concerns in a clear and precise manner
Use of authority Observable behaviour of leading the team and/or the task (as required) or accepting a non-leading role when appropriate Gives clear orders to team members Does not allow others to put forward their case
Assessing capabilities Providing physical, cognitive and emotional help to team members and seeking help from others when necessary Notices that a team member does not perform task to expected standard Does not pay attention to the performance of other members of the team
Supporting behaviours Providing physical, cognitive and emotional help to team mates, and seeking help from others when necessary Anticipates when colleagues will need equipment or information Asks for information at difficult/high workload time for someone else