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Table 5 Cases of failed or complicated pre-hospital endotracheal intubation (ETI)

From: Pre-hospital intubation by anaesthesiologists in patients with severe trauma: an audit of a Norwegian helicopter emergency medical service

Case ETI Successful Type of injury NACA CGS RTS Outcome
Oesophageal intubation Yes Blunt 6 3 3.51 Dead < 24 h
Bleeding No Blunt 6 3 2.78 Dead < 24 h
> 2 ETI attempts Yes Blunt 6 5 5.03 Alive at discharge
Emergency tracheotomy No Burns with facial laceration 6 3 0.58 Dead < 24 h
Naso-tracheal intubation Yes Blunt 7 3 0.00 Dead on scene
  1. NACA: National Committee on Aeronautics Severity of Injury or Illness Index
  2. GCS: Glasgow coma score, RTS: revised trauma score.