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Table 3 Patients who died beyond 13 days with an ISS of <16.

From: Polytrauma in the elderly: predictors of the cause and time of death

Patient Age Yrs ISS Predicted Survival Stay Cause of Death as per Death Certificate*
38 4 99% 22 days 1a Bilateral PE 1b Antemortem thrombosis of popliteal vein
53 9 98% 21 days 1a Bronchopneumonia
2 Femur fracture, Korsakoffs disease
56 9 97% 34 days 1a Pneumonia 1b Fractured neck fracture
2 Alcohol excess, Epilepsy
62 9 99% 29 days 1a Acute Myocardial infarction 1b Arteriosclerosis 1c Coronary Heart Disease
69 9 98% 15 days 1a Left basal pneumonia 1b COPD
71 9 98% 24 days 1a COPD 1b Bronchopneumonia 1c Pneumothorax 2 Fractured neck of humerus and metatarsal bilaterally
77 9 92% 24 days 1a Bronchopneumonia
78 9 94% 40 days 1a Non Hodgkin's lymphoma
79 9 95% 26 days 1a Left ventricular failure 1b Ischaemic heart disease 2 Sigmoid cancer 2b COPD
84 8 93% 55 days 1a Respiratory failure 1b Pneumonia
87 9 92% 15 days 1a Congestive cardiac failure 1b Bronchopneumonia 1c COPD
90 9 94% 33 days 1a Left ventricular failure
2 Fractured left shaft of femur
  1. *A death certificate in the UK is completed by a medical doctor and has two parts: part 1 being the cause of death which is split into a (1a), being the exact cause, b (1b) the disease that lead to a, and c (1c) the disease that lead to b, part 2 is contributing, but not directly causing death.
  2. COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease