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  1. Original research

    Development of a novel information and communication technology system to compensate for a sudden shortage of emergency department physicians

    A sudden shortage of physician resources due to overwhelming patient needs can affect the quality of care in the emergency department (ED). Developing effective response strategies remains a challenging resear...

    Kumiko Tanaka, Taka-aki Nakada, Hiroshi Fukuma, Shota Nakao, Naohisa Masunaga, Keisuke Tomita, Yosuke Matsumura, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:6

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  2. Original research

    Prehospital intravenous fentanyl to patients with hip fracture: an observational cohort study of risk factors for analgesic non-treatment

    Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatme...

    Kristian D. Friesgaard, Erika F. Christensen, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette D. Bendtsen, Flemming B. Jensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:5

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  3. Original research

    Pre-hospital treatment of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic reactions: a retrospective study

    Bee and wasp stings are among the most common triggers of anaphylaxis in adults representing around 20% of fatal anaphylaxis from any cause. Data of pre-hospital treatment of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic ...

    Athamaica Ruiz Oropeza, Søren Mikkelsen, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen and Charlotte G. Mortz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:4

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  4. Letter to the Editor

    External validation of a clinical decision rule: we need events in a population in order to rule them out!

    We respond to the Lorton et al. article on external validation of the PECARN study. With an event rate of only 0.6%, we believe that their study failed to confirm the safety of this rule. Such a low number of ...

    Yonathan Freund and Anne-Laure Philippon

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:3

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  5. Review

    The Norwegian guidelines for the prehospital management of adult trauma patients with potential spinal injury

    The traditional prehospital management of trauma victims with potential spinal injury has become increasingly questioned as authors and clinicians have raised concerns about over-triage and harm. In order to a...

    Daniel K Kornhall, Jørgen Joakim Jørgensen, Tor Brommeland, Per Kristian Hyldmo, Helge Asbjørnsen, Thomas Dolven, Thomas Hansen and Elisabeth Jeppesen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  6. Original research

    Should we perform a FAST exam in haemodynamically stable patients presenting after blunt abdominal injury: a retrospective cohort study

    Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is a bedside ultrasonography technique used to detect free intraperitoneal fluid in patients presenting with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in the emergency ...

    D. Dammers, M. El Moumni, I.I. Hoogland, N. Veeger and E. ter Avest

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:1

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  7. Original research

    When a vehicle becomes a weapon: intentional vehicular assaults in Israel

    We have recently witnessed an epidemic of intentional vehicular assaults (IVA) aimed at pedestrians. We hypothesized that IVA are associated with a specific injury pattern and severity.

    Gidon Almogy, Asaf Kedar and Miklosh Bala

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:149

    Published on: 28 December 2016

  8. Original research

    Is the shock index based classification of hypovolemic shock applicable in multiple injured patients with severe traumatic brain injury?—an analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU®

    A new classification of hypovolemic shock based on the shock index (SI) was proposed in 2013. This classification contains four classes of shock and shows good correlation with acidosis, blood product need and...

    Matthias Fröhlich, Arne Driessen, Andreas Böhmer, Ulrike Nienaber, Alhadi Igressa, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Marc Maegele and Manuel Mutschler

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:148

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  9. Original research

    Complications after surgical management of distal lower leg fractures

    Osseous healing of distal lower leg fractures can be prolonged and is often associated with wound healing problems because of the marginal soft - tissue and vascular supply in this area. Postoperative complica...

    Mirjam V. Neumann, Peter C. Strohm, Kilian Reising, Joern Zwingmann, Thorsten O. Hammer and Norbert P. Suedkamp

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:146

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  10. Original research

    Impact of Cushing’s sign in the prehospital setting on predicting the need for immediate neurosurgical intervention in trauma patients: a nationwide retrospective observational study

    Cushing’s reflex usually results from intracranial hypertension. Although Cushing’s sign can implicate severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in injured patients, no major investigations have been made. The purpo...

    Tetsuya Yumoto, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Yasuaki Yamakawa, Atsuyoshi Iida, Nobuyuki Nosaka, Kohei Tsukahara, Hiromichi Naito and Atsunori Nakao

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:147

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  11. Original research

    Pre-hospital transfusion of plasma in hemorrhaging trauma patients independently improves hemostatic competence and acidosis

    The early use of blood products has been associated with improved patient outcomes following severe hemorrhage or traumatic injury. We aimed to investigate the influence of pre-hospital blood products (i.e. pl...

    Hanne H. Henriksen, Elaheh Rahbar, Lisa A. Baer, John B. Holcomb, Bryan A. Cotton, Jacob Steinmetz, Sisse R. Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Pär I. Johansson and Charles E. Wade

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:145

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  12. Original research

    Adult “termination-of-resuscitation” (TOR)-criteria may not be suitable for children - a retrospective analysis

    Only a small number of patients survive out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest (OHCA). The duration of CPR varies considerably and transportation of patients under CPR is often unsuccessful. Termination-of-resuscitati...

    Victoria Maria Rotering, Sonja Trepels-Kottek, Konrad Heimann, Jörg-Christian Brokmann, Thorsten Orlikowsky and Mark Schoberer

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:144

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  13. Review

    Altered pharmacological effects of adrenergic agonists during hypothermia

    Rewarming from accidental hypothermia is often complicated by hypothermia-induced cardiac dysfunction, calling for immediate pharmacologic intervention. Studies show that although cardiac pharmacologic support...

    Erik Sveberg Dietrichs, Georg Sager and Torkjel Tveita

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:143

    Published on: 5 December 2016

  14. Letter to the Editor

    Warming the head of hypothermic patient – is it always safe?

    The head warming in hypothermic victims is an alternative way of heat donation, which does not inhibit shivering and does not impede the access to the patient’s chest. It seems to be a safe method in mild hypo...

    Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Darocha and Sylweriusz Kosiński

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:141

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  15. Original research

    Medical priority dispatch codes—comparison with National Early Warning Score

    In Finland, calls for emergency medical services are prioritized by educated non-medical personnel into four categories—from A (highest risk) to D (lowest risk)—following a criteria-based national dispatch pro...

    Marko Hoikka, Sami Länkimäki, Tom Silfvast and Tero I. Ala-Kokko

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:142

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  16. Original research

    Surgical intervention for paediatric liver injuries is almost history - a 12-year cohort from a major Scandinavian trauma centre

    Although nonoperative management (NOM) has become standard care, optimal treatment of liver injuries in children is still challenging since many of these patients have multiple injuries. Moreover, the role of ...

    Tomohide Koyama, Jorunn Skattum, Peder Engelsen, Torsten Eken, Christine Gaarder and Pål Aksel Naess

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:139

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  17. Original research

    Outcomes after helicopter versus ground emergency medical services for major trauma--propensity score and instrumental variable analyses: a retrospective nationwide cohort study

    Because of a lack of randomized controlled trials and the methodological weakness of currently available observational studies, the benefits of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) over ground emergenc...

    Asuka Tsuchiya, Yusuke Tsutsumi and Hideo Yasunaga

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:140

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  18. Study protocol

    A statistical analysis protocol for the time-differentiated target temperature management after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (TTH48) clinical trial

    The TTH48 trial aims to determine whether prolonged duration (48 hours) of targeted temperature management (TTM) at 33 (±1) °C results in better neurological outcomes compared to standard duration (24 hours) a...

    Hans Kirkegaard, Asger Roer Pedersen, Ville Pettilä, Jakob Hjort, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Inge de Haas, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Susanne Ilkjær, Anne Kaltoft, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen, Anders Morten Grejs, Christophe Henri Valdemar Duez, Alf Inge Larsen, Valdo Toome, Urmet Arus, Fabio Silvio Taccone…

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:138

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  19. Original research

    Do emergency medicine journals promote trial registration and adherence to reporting guidelines? A survey of “Instructions for Authors”

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the current state of two publication practices, reporting guidelines requirements and clinical trial registration requirements, by analyzing the “Instructions for Authors”...

    Matthew T. Sims, Nolan M. Henning, C. Cole Wayant and Matt Vassar

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:137

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  20. Original research

    Post-traumatic acute kidney injury: a cross-sectional study of trauma patients

    The causes of post-traumatic acute kidney injury (AKI) are multifactorial, and shock associated with major trauma has been proposed to result in inadequate renal perfusion and subsequent AKI in trauma patients...

    Wei-Hung Lai, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Pao-Jen Kuo, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Ching-Hua Hsieh and Hsiao-Yun Hsieh

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:136

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  21. Original research

    Heel pressure ulcer, prevention and predictors during the care delivery chain – when and where to take action? A descriptive and explorative study

    Hazardous healthcare settings, for example acute care, need to focus more on preventing adverse events and preventive actions across the care delivery chain (i.e pre-hospital and emergency care, and further at...

    Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Maria Engström, Lena Gunningberg and Carina Bååth

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:134

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  22. Original research

    Team talk and team activity in simulated medical emergencies: a discourse analytical approach

    Communication errors can reduce patient safety, especially in emergency situations that require rapid responses by experts in a number of medical specialties. Talking to each other is crucial for utilizing the...

    Stine Gundrosen, Ellen Andenæs, Petter Aadahl and Gøril Thomassen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:135

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  23. Original research

    Traumatic brain injury patient volume and mortality in neurosurgical intensive care units: a Finnish nationwide study

    Differences in outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) between neurosurgical centers exist, although the reasons for this are not clear. Thus, our aim was to assess the association between the annual volum...

    Rahul Raj, Stepani Bendel, Matti Reinikainen, Sanna Hoppu, Teemu Luoto, Tero Ala-Kokko, Sami Tetri, Ruut Laitio, Timo Koivisto, Jaakko Rinne, Riku Kivisaari, Jari Siironen and Markus B. Skrifvars

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:133

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  24. Original research

    Hemodynamic, management, and outcomes of patients admitted to emergency department with heart failure

    Heart failure is one of the leading reasons for hospitalization in developed countries. Our goal was to describe the hemodynamic vital signs (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) of patients presenting to t...

    Pierre-Géraud Claret, Ian G. Stiell, Justin W. Yan, Catherine M. Clement, Brian H. Rowe, Lisa A. Calder and Jeffrey J. Perry

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:132

    Published on: 7 November 2016

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