Volume 18 Supplement 1

Danish Society for Emergency Medicine: Research Symposium 2010

Open Access

Improved mortality after STEMI over two decades

  • Jon M Kristjansson1, 2Email author,
  • Bergros K Johannesdottir1,
  • Thorarinn Gudnason2 and
  • Karl Andersen1, 2
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine201018(Suppl 1):P15

DOI: 10.1186/1757-7241-18-S1-P15

Published: 17 September 2010

Background

Over the past two decades the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has changed significantly. We set out to investigate the effect of these changes on one-year mortality from STEMI.

Methods

Data was collected on all hospital admissions for STEMI in Reykjavik, Iceland during the calendar years of 1986, 1996 and 2006. Patients were followed for one year regarding all cause death and hospital readmission for cardiac causes. The outcome was related to changes in the use of reperfusion strategies and medication at hospital discharge.

Results

A total of 335 patients in 1986, 351 in 1996 and 178 patients in 2006 comprise the total study population of 864 STEMI patients. In addition 25 (6,9%) patients died within the first 24 hours of hospital admission in 1986, 33(15,6%) in 1996 and 5 (2,7%) in 2006. One-year mortality decreased from 26.3% in 1986 and 19.7% in 1996 to 12.9% in 2006 (p = 0.001). Cox proportional hazard analysis showed aspirin (HR 0.29), the use of reperfusion therapy (HR 0.51) and beta blockers at hospital discharge (HR 0.53) to be the strongest factors to explain the mortality reduction while the use of diuretics (HR 1.42) and age (HR 1.06) were related to increased one year mortality.

Conclusion

The reduction in 1-year mortality after myocardial infarction during the last two decades is explained by improved medical management with aspirin, beta blockers and aggressive reperfusion therapy. Diuretic therapy, reflecting congestive heart failure, and increased age have negative effects on survival.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland
(2)
Landspitali University Hospital

Copyright

© Kristjansson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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